a study in understanding and value
The study of Freemason symbols is an especially interesting field
of Masonic education, not only because of the deep and abiding lessons
to be learned but because of our innate curiosity for unfamiliar things.
It is simply a part of human nature to wonder, "What does it mean?"
Life is full of symbols. Traffic signs, dollar signs, hand signals,
the symbols on bathroom doors that tell us which is which. Actually,
every means of visual communication is done through symbols. Even the
words you're reading right now are made up of symbols that when placed
in a particular arrangement represent objects or ideas. So, why are
Freemason symbols so fascinating? As we're told in the 30th Degree of
"Retiring, like truth, into the secrecy of her profound retreats
Masonry presents her symbols to her initiates and demands of them that
they shall study and understand them in order that they may value them,
as men always value that only which is attained with difficulty and by
Perhaps that's it. Perhaps it is because her symbols seem so
mysterious and indued with mysticism that we need to understand them.
Or, perhaps it is the very effort we expend in understanding them that
makes them so valuable. Whatever the reasons and by whatever means you
come by an understanding of Freemason symbols they are keys to deeper
and more meaningful knowledge.
I congratulate you on your curiosity and welcome you to come along and explore some of the many Freemason symbols.
any discussion of Freemason symbols must begin with the universally
accepted symbol of Freemasonry, the Square and Compasses. From the very
beginning, the degree of Entered Apprentice, we are told that the Square
teaches us to square our actions with all mankind and the Compasses
teach us to circumscribe our desires and keep our passions in due
bounds. Basically, the square symbolizes the golden rule, "Do unto others as you would have others do unto you," and the compasses symbolize Aristotle's advice, moderation in all things.
Square and Compasses is most often seen with the letter "G" in the
middle. The letter "G" symbolizes geometry because by the science of
geometry we may be better enabled to unravel the mysteries and wonders
The letter "G" also stands for God because an unfeigned belief in
God is the primary requirement for membership. Agreeable to ancient
customs no atheist can become a Freemason, and the letter "G" is placed
at the center of the symbol to represent God at the center of one's
Lambskin or White Leathern Apron which every Freemason is presented
with as an Entered Apprentice is an emblem of innocence and the badge of
a Freemason. Its pure and spotless surface is to be an ever present
reminder of purity of life and rectitude of conduct, a never ending
argument for higher thoughts, for nobler deeds, for greater
predominantly Christian societies the Furniture of a Lodge consists of
the Holy Bible, Square and Compasses. However, the universality of
Freemasonry teaches that all men are free to follow the religious
doctrine of their choice. The Holy book of the candidate's chosen
religion may be substituted for the Bible during the obligation. In
American Lodges the Holy Bible will remain open on the altar as well.
twenty-four inch gauge is used in operative masonry to measure and lay
out the work, but speculative Masons are taught to use it for the more
noble and glorious purpose of dividing their time. Being divided into
twenty-four equal parts it is emblematic of the twenty-four hours of the
day, whereby are found eight hours for the service of God, eight for
one's usual vocations, and eight for refreshment and sleep.
The common gavel is used in operative masonry to break off the corners
of rough stones, but in speculative Masonry it is symbolically used to
divest one's heart and conscience of all the vices and superfluities of
life, thereby fitting the mind as a living stone for that spiritual
building, that house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.
Square, besides teaching us to square our actions with all mankind, is
also the emblem of the Master of the Lodge because it is the proper
Masonic emblem of his office. Freemasons are taught to, "act upon the
square." By this is meant to make virtue the rule and guide of your
level is an instrument made use of by operative masons to lay
horizontals, but in specualtive Masonry it serves to remind us that we
are traveling upon the level of time. Time, like all things in nature,
passes equally for all men. It is neither inclined nor graded in
preferrence to any, and the choices we make determine its relative
value. And for each and all, time will lead us to that undiscovered
country from whose bourne no traveler returns. The Level is the emblem
of the Senior Warden of a Lodge.
plumb is an instrument used in operative masonry to raise
perpendiculars, but as a Masonic symbol it admonishes us to walk
uprightly in our several stations before God and man. It is a reminder
to live our lives in a rectitude manner with uprightness; integrity;
honesty; justice. The Plumb is the emblem of the Junior Warden of a
trowel is an instrument used by operative masons to spread the cement
which unites the individual stones of a building into one common mass.
As Free and Accepted Masons we symbolically use it to spread the cement
of brotherly love and affection; that cement which unites us into one
sacred band or society of friends and brothers.
Chisel, in the hands of the craftsman, is used to transform the
gemstone from its original rude and unpolished state and reveal the
latent beauties within. As a symbol in speculative Masonry it morally
demonstrates the advantages of discipline and education. Just as the
brilliance of the diamond is revealed by the skillful use of the chisel,
so too will the beauties of the human mind be revealed through
Mallet is used by operative masons to correct irregularities and create
uniformity within a structure. In speculative Masonry the Mallet
morally teaches to correct irregularities, and reduce man to a proper
level; so that, by quiet deportment, he may, in the school of discipline
learn to be content.
rough ashlar is a stone in its rude and natural state, and reminds us
of our rude and imperfect state by nature. The perfect ashlar is a stone
made ready by the hands of the workmen and represents that state of
perfection at which we hope to arrive by a virtuous education, our own
endeavors, and the blessing of God.
There are literally hundreds of symbols and emblems used in Masonry to impart wise and serious truths. Freemason symbols
are used as an esoteric language among Masons, for a symbol without
understanding is meaningless. It is only through education, explanation
and study that understanding arrives. The study of Masonic symbols is a
worthwhile endeavor and an extensive field of Masonic education.
Hopefully, this page has given you a good idea of how Freemason symbols
are used to express to the mind, conscience and heart the moral lessons
of faith, hope and charity that Freemasonry teaches. For a more indepth
study of Freemason symbols I highly recommend Freemasonry: Symbols, Secrets, Significance by W. Kirk MacNulty and The Freemasons Key - A Study of Masonic Symbolism edited by Michael R. Poll.
منبع : http://www.masonsmart.com/freemason-symbols.html
موضوعات مرتبط: فراماسونری و شیطان پرستی - استاد رائفی پور